Better reference panels means better a better ancestry profile."
In my earlier article about my experience with AncestryDNA, I told you about how the old East Asia result covered most countries in Asia. It made it difficult for someone with an Asian heritage to understand their ancestry. In fact Ancestry DNA was so unhelpful I was even classified by Ancestry DNA as having a distinct Polynesian heritage (as much as 25 per cent).
Finally, Ancestry DNA has more data from an expanded reference panel, double of what was previously the case. I can say I am more satisfied with my DNA estimate. In my previous article Ancestry DNA estimates of my ancestry were not up to scratch and there were better offerings from 23andMe and other analysis sites.
So, what's changed?
A lot has changed. It's clear that the Ancestry DNA estimates are more precise than ever before. I am less surprised and more content with the Ancestry DNA estimate. For starters the Polynesia result is gone. Second, the agglomeration of 17 countries is gone, leaving behind a neat 84% Philippines result. The results are sharper and make more sense.
Ancestry DNA has a simple explanation for these improved profiles - Ancestry DNA now boast 16,000 reference samples instead of 3,000 screening out less-likely regions. Ancestry DNA suggests that more precise ancestry results are possible as more data and the science behind DNA analysis improves.
Tufts explains that individual ancestry services draw from its own database of DNA samples. A database of DNA samples will contain populations from around the world. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the markers used that have different frequencies across geographic populations. Better reference panels means better a better ancestry profile.
Future users of Ancestry DNA will have less confusing results. For example when interpreting your 'American' descent, you will see that Ancestry DNA regions include 42 regions:
Ancestry DNA states that over time they may provide more precise ethnicity estimates.
The full list of regions tested are available here.
You and your family can reap the opportunities and benefits of Philippine citizenship for generations to come.
Dual citizenship offers opportunities to live, work and reside in another country. Countries such as Cyprus and the Comoros offer economic citizenship (and passports that come with citizenship) as an insurance policy that is one of kind. Whatever happens, it means that you will always have a place to go live, work, invest and raise a family. There are new doors opened to you that might not be available to anyone else. Best of all, your descendants, like your children and your grandchildren might benefit too.
Increasingly in multicultural societies, many people will have been born overseas or have at least one parent born in another country. This would be the case for many families with Filipino heritage. If you have any familial connection to the Philippines you probably have or are eligible for dual citizenship. So how do you get Philippine citizenship?
Am I eligible for Philippine citizenship?
There are two main ways to get citizenship. You should note that the jus sanguinis (right of blood) principle of citizenship is adhered to in the Philippines. It means that Philippine citizenship is inherited through your parent’s citizenship of the Philippines. This principle is reflected in the Philippine Constitution of 1987. It states that someone is a Filipino if their mother or father are citizens of the Philippines.
Citizenship by Descent
Let’s explore how this is effected for someone interested in gaining citizenship by descent. In the Philippines, someone who is eighteen years of age or over, and was born to at least one parent who was a Filipino at the time of their birth may be recognised as a dual citizen. Someone born before January 17, 1973, to Filipino mothers who elect Philippine citizenship when they are eighteen are also recognised as citizens.
Reacquisition of Citizenship
What if you gave up Philippine citizenship? You can get it back. Up until 2003, natural-born Filipinos who acquired another nationality through naturalisation automatically lost their Philippine citizenship.
However, the Republic Act No. 9225, known also as the Dual Citizenship Law allowed former Filipinos to re-acquire or retain their Philippine citizenship. Republic Act No. 9225 specifies that natural-born citizens of the Philippines who become citizens of another country have not lost their Philippine citizenship. Former Filipinos only need to apply to re-acquire or retain their Philippine citizenship and take an oath of allegiance. (This includes former Filipinos who, after Republic Act No. 9225 started acquired citizenship of another country; in this case, former Filipinos must apply to retain their Philippine citizenship).
You can include your children in your application to retain or reacquire Philippine citizenship, which is consistent with the principle of jus sanguinis citizenship. For this reason, spouses who are not Filipino by descent cannot apply for citizenship by way of marriage but must naturalise instead.