It is a faustian bargain for Cuban-Americans; citizenship privileges and rights in exchange for political affiliation and endorsement of the Cuban government."
Cuba recently shifted its policy on citizenship, allowing Cuban-Americans to apply for Cuban citizenship. It is an interesting time in Cuban immigration politics. In January 2017, the Obama administration repealed a 1995 measure granting right to stay, the right to apply for work permits and green cards to all Cubans who had arrived in the United States whether or not they had visas.
Then later U.S. President Trump remarked in June 2017, "For nearly six decades, the Cuban people have suffered under communist domination. To this day, Cuba is ruled by the same people who killed tens of thousands of their own citizens, who sought to spread their repressive and failed ideology throughout our hemisphere, and who once tried to host enemy nuclear weapons 90 miles from our shores."
This history has influenced U.S. policies towards Cuba. Following the partial withdrawal of staff from the U.S. embassy in Havana in September due to the sonic attacks controversy, in November 2017, the Trump administration made it harder for persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction to travel to Cuba, or to conduct business with Cuban entities associated with Cuba's military, intelligence, or security services. It is an extensive list of hotels, stores, tourist agencies, rum producers and real estate services, likely frequented by U.S. travellers.
You can head to Promethease if you want to know what other genes you have."
What can I do with my raw AncestryDNA file?
I’ve noticed that one of the benefits of undertaking an AncestryDNA test is the ability to download the raw data. I’ve used this feature several times including uploading it to MyHeritage DNA, DNA.Land and to Promethease. You can expect over time for all of these consumer DNA companies to offer more and more analysis of your DNA sample. (I previously compared AncestryDNA and DNA.Land here, and my view on MyHeritageDNA here).
You and your family can reap the opportunities and benefits of Philippine citizenship for generations to come.
Dual citizenship offers opportunities to live, work and reside in another country. Countries such as Cyprus and the Comoros offer economic citizenship (and passports that come with citizenship) as an insurance policy that is one of kind. Whatever happens, it means that you will always have a place to go live, work, invest and raise a family. There are new doors opened to you that might not be available to anyone else. Best of all, your descendants, like your children and your grandchildren might benefit too.
Increasingly in multicultural societies, many people will have been born overseas or have at least one parent born in another country. This would be the case for many families with Filipino heritage. If you have any familial connection to the Philippines you probably have or are eligible for dual citizenship. So how do you get Philippine citizenship?
Am I eligible for Philippine citizenship?
There are two main ways to get citizenship. You should note that the jus sanguinis (right of blood) principle of citizenship is adhered to in the Philippines. It means that Philippine citizenship is inherited through your parent’s citizenship of the Philippines. This principle is reflected in the Philippine Constitution of 1987. It states that someone is a Filipino if their mother or father are citizens of the Philippines.
Citizenship by Descent
Let’s explore how this is effected for someone interested in gaining citizenship by descent. In the Philippines, someone who is eighteen years of age or over, and was born to at least one parent who was a Filipino at the time of their birth may be recognised as a dual citizen. Someone born before January 17, 1973, to Filipino mothers who elect Philippine citizenship when they are eighteen are also recognised as citizens.
Reacquisition of Citizenship
What if you gave up Philippine citizenship? You can get it back. Up until 2003, natural-born Filipinos who acquired another nationality through naturalisation automatically lost their Philippine citizenship.
However, the Republic Act No. 9225, known also as the Dual Citizenship Law allowed former Filipinos to re-acquire or retain their Philippine citizenship. Republic Act No. 9225 specifies that natural-born citizens of the Philippines who become citizens of another country have not lost their Philippine citizenship. Former Filipinos only need to apply to re-acquire or retain their Philippine citizenship and take an oath of allegiance. (This includes former Filipinos who, after Republic Act No. 9225 started acquired citizenship of another country; in this case, former Filipinos must apply to retain their Philippine citizenship).
You can include your children in your application to retain or reacquire Philippine citizenship, which is consistent with the principle of jus sanguinis citizenship. For this reason, spouses who are not Filipino by descent cannot apply for citizenship by way of marriage but must naturalise instead.